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Verbruik menslike organisme water of word dit slegs as oplosmiddel gebruik?

Verbruik menslike organisme water of word dit slegs as oplosmiddel gebruik?


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Dune (roman) beskryf 'n lyfpak genaamd Stillsuit:

'n stilpak is 'n "liggaam-omsluitende kledingstuk" van Fremen-ontwerp wat die "funksies van hitte-afvoer en die filtreer van liggaamlike afval" verrig, sowel as die behoud van en herwinning van vog

Vir hierdie vraag stel ek belang om eiendom van hierdie pak terug te eis. Die boek redeneer oor die feit dat die verliese feitlik net te wyte was aan blootgestelde vel.

Ek wonder egter of die menslike liggaam werklik enige water verbruik (deur biochemiese reaksies) of dit word geheel en al as 'n oplosmiddel of dalk as 'n katalisator gebruik, sodat die verlies daarvan geheel en al afhang van die vermoë om dit ekstern te herwin.

Vraag: Verbruik menslike organisme water of word dit slegs as oplosmiddel gebruik?


Mense en alle ander diere is eintlik net produsente van water ("metaboliese water") deur die oksidasie van energiebronne insluitend vette, proteïene en koolhidrate - effektief die teenoorgestelde van die chemiese reaksies wat fotosintetiese plante gebruik om water en atmosferiese CO$_2$ in biologiese materiale en suurstofgas te verander. Daar is ook baie metaboliese reaksies by mense wat water verbruik (veral hidrolisereaksies), maar dit is minder as die hoeveelheid wat geproduseer word.

Water is egter inderdaad belangrik as 'n oplosmiddel, en daar is nie-weglaatbare verliese deur verdamping (veral wanneer sweet) en 'n belangrike rol van water in die niere om te help om afval te spoel.

As 'n mens alle verdampingsverliese en uitskeidingsverliese kon terugeis, sou geen bykomende water nodig wees nie. Die energievereistes om dit te doen styg egter eksponensieel hoe nader jy aan 100% herwinning kom.

Die Internasionale Ruimtestasie het verskeie waterherwinningstelsels om die ongelooflik duur koste van die verskaffing van genoeg water vir mense op lang missies in die ruimte te verminder. Hierdie stelsels sluit beide urine suiwering en atmosferiese herwinning in, maar hulle benader nie 100% vang nie.


Ioon- en waterregulering, plus stikstofuitskeiding, by diere

Die daaglikse inname aanbeveling vir menslike waterverbruik is agt tot tien glase water. Om 'n gesonde balans te bereik, moet die menslike liggaam elke dag die agt tot tien glase water uitskei. Dit vind plaas deur die prosesse van urinering, ontlasting, sweet en, tot 'n klein mate, asemhaling. Die organe en weefsels van die menslike liggaam word geweek in vloeistowwe wat teen konstante temperatuur, pH en konsentrasie van opgeloste stowwe gehandhaaf word, alles belangrike elemente van homeostase. Die opgeloste stowwe in liggaamsvloeistowwe is hoofsaaklik minerale soute en suikers, en osmotiese regulering is die proses waardeur die minerale soute en water in balans gehou word. Osmotiese homeostase word gehandhaaf ten spyte van die invloed van eksterne faktore soos temperatuur, dieet en weerstoestande.


Chemiese struktuur en eienskappe van water

Jy is waarskynlik reeds vertroud met baie van die water & rsquos eiendomme. Byvoorbeeld, jy weet ongetwyfeld dat water smaakloos, reukloos en deursigtig is. In klein hoeveelhede is dit ook kleurloos. Wanneer 'n groot hoeveelheid water egter waargeneem word, soos in 'n meer of die see, is dit eintlik ligblou van kleur. Die blou tint van die water is 'n intrinsieke eienskap en word veroorsaak deur selektiewe absorpsie en verstrooiing van wit lig. Hierdie en ander eienskappe van water hang af van die chemiese struktuur daarvan.

Die deursigtigheid van water is belangrik vir organismes wat in water leef. Omdat water deursigtig is, kan sonlig daardeur beweeg. Sonlig word deur waterplante en ander waterorganismes benodig vir fotosintese.

Chemiese struktuur van water

Elke molekule water bestaan ​​uit een atoom suurstof en twee atome waterstof, so dit het die chemiese formule H2O. Die rangskikking van atome in 'n watermolekule, getoon in Figuur (PageIndex<2>), verduidelik baie van die water se chemiese eienskappe. In elke watermolekule trek die kern van die suurstofatoom (met 8 positief gelaaide protone) elektrone baie sterker aan as die waterstofkerne (met net een positief gelaaide proton). Dit lei tot 'n negatiewe elektriese lading naby die suurstofatoom (as gevolg van die "trek" van die negatief gelaaide elektrone na die suurstofkern) en 'n positiewe elektriese lading naby die waterstofatome. 'n Verskil in elektriese lading tussen verskillende dele van 'n molekule word genoem polariteit. A polêre molekule is 'n molekule waarin 'n deel van die molekule positief gelaai is en 'n deel van die molekule negatief gelaai is.

Figuur (PageIndex<2>): Hierdie model is 'n atoomdiagram van water, wat die twee waterstofatome en 'n suurstofatoom in die middel wys.

Water is 'n goeie oplosmiddel

Water word as 'n baie goeie oplosmiddel in die biochemiese reaksies beskou. Figuur (PageIndex<3>) illustreer hoe water soute oplos. Tafelsout (NaCl) bestaan ​​uit 'n positief gelaaide natriumioon en 'n negatief gelaaide chloriedioon. Die suurstof van water word aangetrek na die positiewe Na-ioon. Die waterstowwe van water word aangetrokke tot die negatiewe Cl-ioon.

Figuur (PageIndex<3>): Hierdie diagram toon die positiewe en negatiewe dele van 'n watermolekule. Dit beeld ook uit hoe 'n lading, soos op 'n ioon (byvoorbeeld Na of Cl) met 'n watermolekule kan inwerk.

Waterstofbinding

Teenoorgestelde elektriese ladings trek mekaar aan. Daarom word die positiewe deel van een watermolekule aangetrokke tot die negatiewe dele van ander watermolekules. As gevolg van hierdie aantrekkingskrag, vorm bindings tussen waterstof- en suurstofatome van aangrensende watermolekules, soos gedemonstreer in Figuur (PageIndex<4>). Hierdie tipe binding behels altyd 'n waterstofatoom, so dit word 'n genoem waterstofbinding.

Waterstofbindings kan ook binne 'n enkele groot organiese molekule vorm. Byvoorbeeld, waterstofbindings wat tussen verskillende dele van 'n proteïenmolekule vorm, buig die molekule in 'n kenmerkende vorm, wat belangrik is vir die proteïenfunksies. Waterstofbindings hou ook die twee nukleotiedkettings van 'n DNA-molekule bymekaar.

Figuur (PageIndex<4>): Waterstofbindings vorm tussen positief en negatief gelaaide dele van watermolekules. Die bindings hou die watermolekules bymekaar. Hoe dink jy kan dit water en rsquos eienskappe beïnvloed?

Klewerige, nat water

Water het 'n paar ongewone eienskappe as gevolg van sy waterstofbindings. Een eiendom is samehorigheid, die neiging vir watermolekules om aan mekaar te kleef. Die samehangende kragte tussen watermolekules is verantwoordelik vir die verskynsel bekend as oppervlakspanning. Die molekules aan die oppervlak het nie ander soortgelyke molekules aan alle kante van hulle nie en gevolglik koheren hulle sterker met dié wat direk met hulle op die oppervlak geassosieer word. Byvoorbeeld, as jy 'n klein hoeveelheid water op 'n baie gladde oppervlak laat val, sal die watermolekules bymekaar bly en 'n druppel vorm, eerder as om oor die oppervlak te versprei. Dieselfde ding gebeur wanneer water stadig uit 'n lekkende kraan drup. Die water val nie as individuele watermolekules uit die kraan nie, maar as druppels water. Die neiging van water om in druppels aanmekaar te kleef, word ook geïllustreer deur die dou druppels in Figuur (PageIndex<5>).

Figuur (PageIndex<5>): Doudruppels klou aan 'n spinnerak, wat kohesie demonstreer, die neiging van watermolekules om saam te kleef as gevolg van waterstofbindings.

Nog 'n belangrike fisiese eienskap van water is adhesie. Wat water betref, is adhesie die binding van 'n watermolekule aan 'n ander stof, soos die kante van 'n blaar se are. Hierdie proses gebeur omdat waterstofbindings spesiaal is deurdat hulle met groot frekwensie breek en hervorm. Hierdie konstante herrangskikking van waterstofbindings laat 'n persentasie van al die molekules in 'n gegewe monster toe om aan 'n ander stof te bind. Hierdie greepagtige eienskap wat watermolekules vorm veroorsaak kapillêre werking, die vermoë van 'n vloeistof om teen swaartekrag in 'n nou ruimte te vloei. 'n Voorbeeld van kapillêre werking is wanneer jy 'n strooitjie in 'n glas water plaas. Dit lyk asof die water teen die strooi opklim voordat jy eers jou mond op die strooi plaas. Die water het waterstofbindings met die oppervlak van die strooi geskep, wat veroorsaak dat die water aan die kante van die strooi kleef. Soos die waterstofbindings aanhou om met die strooi se oppervlak te verwissel, verwissel die watermolekules posisies en sommige begin om die strooitjie op te klim.

Adhesie en kapillêre werking is nodig vir die oorlewing van die meeste organismes. Dit is die meganisme wat verantwoordelik is vir watervervoer in plante deur wortels en stamme, en in diere deur klein bloedvate.

Waterstofbindings verduidelik ook hoekom water se kookpunt (100°C) hoër is as die kookpunte van soortgelyke stowwe sonder waterstofbindings. As gevolg van water se relatief hoë kookpunt, bestaan ​​die meeste water in 'n vloeibare toestand op Aarde. Vloeibare water word deur alle lewende organismes benodig. Daarom stel die beskikbaarheid van vloeibare water lewe in staat om oor 'n groot deel van die planeet te oorleef.

Verder het water 'n hoë spesifieke hitte omdat dit baie energie verg om die temperatuur van die water te verhoog of te verlaag. Gevolglik speel water 'n baie belangrike rol in temperatuurregulering. Aangesien selle uit water bestaan, help hierdie eienskap om homeostase te handhaaf.

Die digtheid van ys en water

Die smeltpunt van water is 0°C. Onder hierdie temperatuur is water 'n vaste stof (ys). Anders as die meeste chemiese stowwe, het water in 'n vaste toestand 'n laer digtheid as water in 'n vloeibare toestand. Dit is omdat water uitsit wanneer dit vries. Weereens, waterstofbinding is die rede. Waterstofbindings veroorsaak dat watermolekules minder doeltreffend in ys in lyn is as in vloeibare water. As gevolg hiervan is watermolekules verder uitmekaar in ys, wat ys 'n laer digtheid gee as vloeibare water. 'n Stof met laer digtheid dryf op 'n stof met hoër digtheid. Dit verklaar hoekom ys op vloeibare water dryf, terwyl baie ander vaste stowwe na die bodem van vloeibare water sink.

In 'n groot watermassa, soos 'n meer of die see, sink die water met die grootste digtheid altyd na die bodem. Water is die digste by ongeveer 4&°C. Gevolglik het die water op die bodem van 'n meer of die see gewoonlik 'n temperatuur van ongeveer 4&°C. In klimate met koue winters, isoleer hierdie laag 4&°C water die bodem van 'n meer teen ysige temperature. Meerorganismes soos visse kan die winter oorleef deur in hierdie koue, maar ongevriesde, water op die bodem van die meer te bly.


Water se hoë hittekapasiteit

Water se hoë hittekapasiteit is 'n eienskap wat veroorsaak word deur waterstofbinding tussen watermolekules. Water het die hoogste spesifieke hittekapasiteit van enige vloeistowwe. Spesifieke hitte word gedefinieer as die hoeveelheid hitte wat een gram van 'n stof moet absorbeer of verloor om sy temperatuur met een graad Celsius te verander. Vir water is hierdie hoeveelheid een kalorie. Dit neem water dus lank om te verhit en lank om af te koel. Trouens, die spesifieke hittekapasiteit van water is sowat vyf keer meer as dié van sand. Dit verklaar hoekom die land vinniger as die see afkoel. As gevolg van sy hoë hittekapasiteit, word water deur warmbloedige diere gebruik om hitte meer eweredig in hul liggame te versprei: dit werk op 'n soortgelyke wyse as 'n motor se verkoelingstelsel, en vervoer hitte van warm plekke na koel plekke, wat veroorsaak dat die liggaam 'n meer egalige temperatuur.


Water is 'n belangrike middel in liggaamstemperatuurregulering. Die menslike liggaam kan nie funksioneer tensy dit binne 'n sekere omvang gehandhaaf word nie. Water help om dit op twee maniere te bereik. Aangesien water stadig is om temperatuur te verander en doeltreffend is om hitte te berg, is die hoeveelheid water in die liggaamsamestelling, 60 tot 75 persent, 'n natuurlike temperatuurreguleerder. Nog 'n manier waarop hierdie voedingstof deur die liggaam vir hierdie doel gebruik word, is deur die proses van sweet. Soos water uit die vel verdamp, word die liggaam afgekoel.

Proteïen en koolhidrate is twee voedingstowwe wat nodig is vir gesonde liggaamsfunksionering. Hulle verskaf energie en is noodsaaklik vir groei en ontwikkeling. Hierdie twee stowwe is egter nutteloos vir die liggaam sonder water. Water laat 'n chemiese reaksie plaasvind wat daartoe lei dat proteïene en koolhidrate deur die liggaam opneembaar en bruikbaar word.


Wat dokters sê oor die drink van gedistilleerde water

Daar is baie LEUENS en MISLEIDING oor die gesondheid van die drink van gedistilleerde water, soos, dit stroop minerale uit die liggaam en kan die dood veroorsaak. WAT IS DIE WAARHEID?

Hier is wat Dr Allen Banik sê…
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“Gedistilleerde water is die grootste oplosmiddel op aarde. (Dit is) die enigste water wat in die liggaam ingeneem kan word sonder skade aan die weefsels.
Wat ons as wetenskaplikes en die publiek nooit besef het nie, is dat minerale wat in die liggaam van water versamel word, almal anorganiese minerale is, wat nie deur die liggaam geassimileer (verteer) kan word nie. Die enigste minerale wat die liggaam kan benut, is die organiese minerale (van vrugte en groente). Alle ander
tipes minerale is vreemde stowwe vir die liggaam en moet weggedoen of uitgeskakel word.
Vandag skryf baie progressiewe dokters gedistilleerde water aan hul pasiënte voor. Alle niermasjiene werk op gedistilleerde water.” – Allen E. Banik, M.D. Outeur, “The Choice is Clear”

Hier is wat Dr Paul Bragg sê…
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“Die grootste skade aangerig deur anorganiese minerale (harde water)—plus wasagtige cholesterol en sout—is aan die klein are en ander bloedvate van die brein (75% water). Verharding van die are en verkalking van bloedvate begin op die dag wat jy begin om anorganiese chemikalieë (en minerale uit kraanwater) in ons liggame in te neem.”
“Wanneer gedistilleerde water die liggaam binnedring, laat dit geen oorblyfsel van enige aard nie. Dit is vry van soute en natrium. Dit is die mees perfekte water vir die gesonde funksionering van die niere (83% water). Dit is die perfekte vloeistof vir die bloed (83% water), die ideale vloeistof vir die doeltreffende funksionering van die longe (86% water), maag, lewer (85% water) en ander lewensbelangrike organe. Hoekom? Omdat dit vry is van alle anorganiese minerale. Dit is so suiwer dat alle vloeibare medisyne-voorskrifte met gedistilleerde water geformuleer word. Dr. Paul Bragg, N.D. Ph.T., uit sy boek: “The Shocking Truth About Water”

Hier is wat Dr James Balch sê…
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“Daar is net een water, en dit is skoon, stoom gedistilleerde water. Geen ander stof op ons planeet doen soveel om ons gesond te hou en ons gesond te kry soos water nie.”
Dieetwelstand 1993 Dr. James Balch, M.D.

Hier is wat Dr C.W. DeLacy Evans sê…
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“Gebruik as 'n drankie, word gedistilleerde water direk in die bloed geabsorbeer, waarvan die oplosmiddeleienskappe dit in so 'n mate toeneem dat dit soute wat reeds in die bloed bestaan, in oplossing sal hou, hul onnodige neerslag in verskeie organe en strukture voorkom, bevoordeel hul eliminasie deur die verskillende uitskeidings, en is geneig om hierdie aardse verbindings wat reeds in die liggaam opgehoop het, te verwyder. . . Daar is geen twyfel oor die hoë waarde van gedistilleerde water wat vryelik gebruik word as 'n vertraagder van die ossifiserende toestande wat blykbaar die toestand van ouderdom uitmaak nie.” —C.W.
DeLacy Evans, M.D., in sy boek, How To Prolong Life

Hier is wat Dr Teofilio de la Torre sê…
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“In plaas daarvan om die harde water van bronne of die gechloreerde water van die stede te drink, sal dit tot ons voordeel wees om gedistilleerde water te drink. . . om verkalking van die liggaam te voorkom.”

Hier is wat Dr Charles McFerrin sê…
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“Gedistilleerde water is ’leë’ water – 'n honger water, 'n water wat liggaamsgifstowwe kan absorbeer. Jy het die ondervinding gehad om 'n ou poskantoor-depper op die lessenaar te probeer gebruik. Almal het dit gebruik en dit is so vol ink dat dit nie meer sal opsuig nie. So is dit met 'n ‘vol’ water, 'n water vol chloor, aluminium, ens. Sulke water het nie die vermoë om liggaam onsuiwerhede te absorbeer nie.” —Dr. Charles McFerrin, skryf in die Julie 1955-uitgawe van Nature’s Path

Hier is wat Dr Alexander Graham Bell sê…
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Dr. Alexander Graham Bell, uitvinder van die telefoon, het die gesondheidswaarde van gedistilleerde water erken en beweer dat die daaglikse gebruik daarvan sy lewe verleng. Gely en bedlêend met sciatica, kon Dr Bell geen verligting vir die pyn vind nie. Die aanval het gekom net toe hy die afsetting van soute in die menslike stelsel ondersoek het. 'n Bekende wetenskaplike het 'n boek geskryf waarin hy sê dat ouderdom uit sulke afsettings kom, en dat die kwale van gevorderde jare te wyte was aan die gebrek aan uitskakeling daarvan. Hy het geglo dat wanneer sulke afsettings na die gewrigte gaan, die mens rumatiek gehad het. Toe hulle na die niere gegaan het, het hy nierprobleme en klippe in die urinêre organe gehad en wanneer hulle in die are vasgesit het, het hulle wat genoem word verharding van die are veroorsaak. Op dieselfde manier wanneer sulke neerslae die senuwees bedek het, het dit sciatica veroorsaak. Dr Bell het geskryf: “Ek het geweet dat gedistilleerde water suiwer was. Ek het gedink dat as ek baie daarvan drink, ek ontslae kan raak van van die soute wat my senuwees bedek het. Ek het probeer om dit te drink en dit het soos 'n sjarme gewerk. Ek het aangehou om gedistilleerde water te drink en ek skryf my amper perfekte gesondheid grootliks daaraan toe.”
—Dr. Alexander Graham Bell

Hier is wat Dr Robert W. Flinchbaught sê…
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“Die bewyse dat gedistilleerde water optree as 'n oplosmiddel binne die liggaam, wat die anorganiese mineraalafsettings oplos, is baie belangrik. 'N groeiende hoeveelheid bewyse dui daarop dat gedistilleerde water oplos en verwyder hierdie siekte – veroorsaak minerale en spoel uit die honderde gevaarlike chemikalieë wat in die liggaam geneem is sowel. Gedistilleerde water is nie net vry van besoedelingstowwe nie, maar dit help blykbaar ook om dit uit die selle van die liggaam te verwyder en sodoende die liggaam te suiwer sodat dit kan funksioneer soos dit moet. —Dr. Robert W. Flinchbaught, van “Pure Water is Life”

Hier is wat Dr David C. Kennedy sê…
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“Selfs kraanwater bevat altyd 'n verskeidenheid gifstowwe soos chloor, chlooramien, asbes, plaagdoders, fluoried, koper, kwik en lood. Die beste manier om al hierdie kontaminante te verwyder, is deur distillering.” —David C. Kennedy, D.D.S.:
‘Hoe om jou tande te red: gifvrye voorkomende tandheelkunde’

Hier is wat Dr Robert D. Willix Jr sê…
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“As jy besluit op gebottelde water, maak seker dit’s gedistilleer, (egter), in die lang termyn jy’sal geld spaar as jy jou water skoon te maak by die huis. Dit’s meer gerieflik as sleep liter kanne uit die winkel. Die ‘goue standaard’ vir die suiwering van jou water is 'n stelsel wat jou water distilleer en filtreer. Jy het die gemak om te weet daar is geen chloor, fluoried, bakterieë, virusse, plaagdoders of lood nie. Jy kry niks anders as H2O nie.” —Robert D. Willix, Jr., M.D.:’Maksimum Gesondheid’

Hier is wat Dr John Yiamoyuiannis sê…
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“Die tuisdistilleerder is die beste metode en ook die beste manier om gedistilleerde water te kry. Dit is die enigste betroubare tuiswatersuiwering om fluoried uit die water te haal.” — John Yiamoyuiannis, Ph.D.:’Fluoried: The Aging Factor’

Hier is wat Dr Charles Mayo sê…
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“Waterhardheid (anorganiese minerale in oplossing) is die onderliggende oorsaak van baie, indien nie almal nie, van die siektes wat voortspruit uit gifstowwe in die dermkanaal. Hierdie (harde minerale) gaan van die dermwande af en kom in die limfatiese stelsel, wat al sy produkte aan die bloed lewer, wat op sy beurt na alle dele van die liggaam versprei. Dit is die oorsaak van baie menslike siekte.” —Dr. Charles Mayo van die Mayo-kliniek

Hier is wat Dr Peter A. Lodewick sê…
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“Die enigste tipe water wat blykbaar geskik is vir verbruik is gedistilleerde water, wat water is wat absoluut vry is van enige minerale of chemikalieë. Gedistilleerde water word suiwer gemaak deur eers verhit te word tot die punt van verdamping, sodat al die ‘onsuiwerhede’ agterbly. Dan word die waterdamp gekondenseer. Die proses lei tot water wat in sy suiwerste vorm is. Distillasie is die enkele mees doeltreffende metode van watersuiwering.” —Peter A.
Lodewick, M.D.:’'n Diabetiese dokter kyk na diabetes’

Hier is wat Dr Norman W. Walker sê…
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Mense wat sê dat gedistilleerde water minerale uit die liggaam loog, is dus slegs in hierdie opsig korrek. Dit is slegs 50% van die waarheid. Dit is feitlik onmoontlik vir gedistilleerde water om minerale te skei, wat 'n integrale deel van die selle en weefsels van die liggaam geword het. Gedistilleerde water versamel SLEGS die minerale wat in die liggaam oorbly, minerale wat weggegooi word uit natuurlike water EN uit die selle, die minerale wat die natuurlike water oorspronklik versamel het uit kontak met die aarde en die rotse. Sulke minerale, wat deur die selle van die liggaam verwerp is, is van geen konstruktiewe waarde nie. Inteendeel, dit is puin wat gedistilleerde water in staat is om op te tel en uit die stelsel te verwyder. —Dr. Norman W. Walker, van “Water kan jou gesondheid ondermyn”

Hier is wat Dr John Christopher sê…
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“Water is so waardevol vir die hele stelsel van die menslike liggaam dat dit wys is om net die BESTE te gebruik. Gebruik suiwer stoom gedistilleerde water vir gesondheid en welstand.” —Dr. John Christopher, van “Regenerative Diet”

Hier is wat Dr Paul Conn sê…
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“Wanneer 'n mens onsuiwer, vuil water drink, dien die liggaam as 'n filter, wat 'n persentasie van die vaste stowwe wat in die water gesuspendeer word vasvang. 'n Filter raak uiteindelik verstop en nutteloos - pas net om weggegooi te word. Die menslike liggaam kan dalk dieselfde lot in die gesig staar.
Maar die basiese punt - dat slegs gedistilleerde water mineraalophopings in die liggaam vermy - is 'n onbetwisbare een. Die afsettings, wat deur herhaalde gebruik in 'n teeketel opbou, is spore van minerale wat agterbly as die water verdamp. Gedistilleerde water laat geen sulke spore na nie – in 'n teeketel of in die menslike liggaam. Dit is waar dat in die meeste hospitale gedistilleerde water vir pasgebore babas gebruik word gedistilleerde water word in baie hartsale vir hartpasiënte voorgeskryf. En dit is waar dat nierstene en ander mineraalagtige opbouings in die liggaam baie meer algemeen voorkom in die gebiede waar die drinkwater hoë vlakke in anorganiese minerale het – en gedistilleerde water het glad nie een daarvan nie.
Dit is sonder twyfel die beste water beskikbaar vir die mens- en die enigste werklik suiwer water beskikbaar in ons afval-belaaide samelewing.” —Dr. Paul Conn, van “Not A Drop To Drink”

Hier is wat Dr Michael Colgan sê…
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"Die enigste water wat waarskynlik skoon sal wees, is gedistilleerde water." —Dr. Michael Colgan, van “The New Nutrition: Medicine For The Millennium”

Hier is wat Dr Raymond H. Bishop, Jr. sê…
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“Gedistilleerde water is veilig om te drink en behoort geen nadelige uitwerking op jou gesondheid te hê nie. Distillasie verwyder bloot die meeste van die opgeloste materiaal, wat in alle natuurlike waters voorkom.” —Raymond H. Bishop, Jr. M.D.-generaal-majoor, bevelvoerder – Medical Corps. Departement van die Weermag, VSA
Army Health Services Command

Hier is wat Frank N. Hepburn, USDA, sê…
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“Daar is niks oor gedistilleerde water wat dit skadelik vir die liggaam sou maak nie. Dit kan nuttig wees om te onthou dat gedistilleerde water die enigste water is
beskikbaar vir bemanning van vlootvaartuie op see.” —Frank N. Hepburn, Hoof, Voedingdata-navorsingstak, Verenigde State se Departement van Landbou, Afdeling Verbruikersvoeding

Hier is wat Louis Pasteur sê…
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“Ons drink 90 persent van ons siektes.” —Louis Pasteur

Hier is wat Nick Pavlica sê…
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“Ek drink gedistilleerde water sedert 1981, amper die helfte van my lewe, en gegewe die keuse, sou geen ander tipe water drink nie. Ek beveel aan
gedistilleerde water aan al my vriende en familie en sou dit nie doen as ek’t dink dit is een van die heel gesondste dinge wat 'n persoon kan doen. Ná ’n vollyfskandering het die dokter vir my gesê dat ek die skoonste are het van enigiemand wat hy van my ouderdom ondersoek het. En ek het nog nooit 'n gebreekte been in my liggaam gehad nie. (In teenstelling met kwak-bewerings dat kalsium en ander minerale uit die liggaam “geloog” word!)” —Nick Pavlica, Direkteur, H2o Labs, Ltd.

Hier is wat Dr Edward M. Wagner sê…
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“Lyers van chroniese moegheidsindroom word opdrag gegee om gedistilleerde water te drink.” —Dr. Edward M. Wagner, van “Hoe om uit die dokter se kantoor te bly”

Hier is wat skrywer Vicki Glassburn sê…
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“Gedistilleerde water is die suiwerste vorm beskikbaar. Gedistilleerde water help om oortollige swaar metale uit die liggaam te skei.” —Vicki Glassburn, van “Who Killed Candida?” 1991

Hier is wat skrywer Jonathan King sê…
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“Indien dit behoorlik onderhou word, verskaf distilleerders 'n konstante toevoer van hoë-gehalte water. Filters en tru-osmose-eenhede, aan die ander kant, is op hul beste wanneer dit eers geïnstalleer word, en doeltreffendheid neem onherroeplik af met gebruik.” —Jonathon King, skrywer van “Troubled Water”

Hier Jack Bell, Amerikaanse Mediese Vereniging, sê…
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“Sover ons kennis strek, sal daar geen nadelige gesondheidseffekte wees as gevolg van die voortgesette inname van gedistilleerde water nie.” —Jack A. Bell – Assistent Direkteur, 17 Mei 1985 American Medical Association Afdeling Persoonlike en Openbare Gesondheidsbeleid

Hier is wat Dr Clifford C. Dennison sê…
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“Daar’s geen absolute mediese bewys dat die drink van GEDISTILLEERDE WATER artritis, hartsiektes, hoë bloeddruk, verharding van die are, of enige ander dosyne siektes wat mense ly, sal genees nie. Daar’s geen absolute bewys dat die drink van GEDISTILLEERDE WATER nier- en galstene sal verwyder, katarakte sal verminder of emfiseem sal genees nie. Maar, daar is honderde gevallegeskiedenisse van mense wat sukses behaal het om hierdie gesondheidsprobleme te verlig of te oorkom toe hulle uitsluitlik GESTILLEERDE WATER begin drink het.” —Dr. Clifford C. Dennison, Red. D., 'n medeprofessor by Lee College in Cleveland, Tennessee, en 'n lewenslange waternavorser en deskundige

Hier is wat Dr Ron Kennedy sê…
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“Nou oor die argument dat gedistilleerde water minerale uitloog. Dit is waar, en dit is presies wat ons wil hê dit moet doen. Die minerale wat dit uitloog, is van die onbruikbare, ioniese vorm en ons wil hê dit moet die liggaam verlaat eerder as om af te lê en siektes te veroorsaak. Gedistilleerde water loog nie beduidende hoeveelhede biologies beskikbare minerale uit nie omdat dit vinnig deur die liggaam opgeneem word op 'n basis wat benodig word. As hulle in oormaat teenwoordig is, word hulle deur die niere gefiltreer en dit is presies wat moet gebeur met alle dinge wat in oormaat in die sirkulasie is. Gedistilleerde water reinig die liggaam deur gesonde nierfunksie te bevorder.” —Ron Kennedy, M.D.

Vir diegene wat Dr. Andrew Weil volg,
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wie al jare lank gedistilleerde water drink, hier is 'n aanhaling van hom:
“Jy kan probeer om gebottelde gedistilleerde water te drink as jy wil. Dit’s water wat in stoom verander is sodat sy onsuiwerhede agtergelaat word. Die stoom word dan gekondenseer om suiwer water te maak. Die proses van distillasie dood en verwyder feitlik alle bakterieë, virusse, swaar metale en ander organiese en anorganiese kontaminante. Sodra dit gedistilleer is, is die water so suiwer as wat water redelikerwys kan wees. Terwyl dit’s waar dat distillasie verwyder minerale as dit elimineer verskeie ander kontaminante uit water, ek voel’t voel dit is `n probleem. Ons kry ons minerale uit kos, nie water nie.
Wat suurheid betref, is gedistilleerde water naby aan 'n neutrale pH en het geen effek op die liggaam se suur/basisbalans nie. Gedistilleerde water is veilig om te drink, en die soort water wat ek self gebruik.”

Hier is Dr Handley’s artikel oor gedistilleerde water…
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Die belangrikheid van gedistilleerde water in veroudering
deur Dr Chester Handley
Soos ons liggaam begin verouder, is daar verskeie dinge wat gebeur. Sel produseer nie so goed nie, die liggaam verteer nie so goed nie, die liggaam absorbeer nie so goed nie en die liggaam elimineer nie so goed nie. En dele van die liggaam begin pyn voel en het seer kolle wat ons nog nooit voorheen gehad het nie. Een
van die hoofoorsake van pyn is die oorverbruik van graan by ouer mense. Dit is sagter, makliker om te eet en blyk makliker te verteer. Wel, die ware realiteit is dat dit geen voordeel vir die verouderende liggaam is nie en 'n suur oorskot laat wat in die gewrigte neergelê word, wat die nommer een rede vir artritiese pyn is.
Baie jare gelede toe ek navorsing oor gedistilleerde water gedoen het, het ek ontdek dat anders as al die stories daar buite, gedistilleerde water nie 'n enkele ding uit die liggaam haal wat die liggaam nodig het nie. Dit haal nooit iets uit 'n sel nie. Alles wat sellulêr gesluit is, bly binne die liggaam, maar dit is die grootste instrument in die wêreld om die bloedstroom skoon te maak, wat die enigste funksie is wat water regtig… het om die bloedstroom uit te was, te reinig en te suiwer. Onthou dat die bloedstroom hoofsaaklik 'n vervoerorgaan is. Mense dink daaraan as 'n vloeistof eerder as 'n orgaan, maar dit is 'n orgaan. Dit vervoer voedingstowwe, suurstof en rooibloedselle deur die liggaam en vervoer afvalprodukte en koolstofdioksied.
Gedistilleerde water is in 'n damp verdamp, uitmekaar gesplit in 'n molekule waterstof en suurstof, wat dit verander in 'n gas wat na die atmosfeer opstyg, dan weer afgekoel en weer in water gekondenseer. Dieselfde proses gebeur in 'n distilleerdery wanneer dit water distilleer. Dit verhit die water tot 'n gas, al die onsuiwerhede word agtergelaat, al die afvalprodukte word agtergelaat, dan word dit gekondenseer en weer in suiwer water verander en word die uiteindelike suiwer water as gevolg van een baie belangrike faktor wat nie teenwoordig in enige ander water…it is molekulêr onstabiel. Dit beteken dat wanneer dit in jou bloedstroom gaan, breek dit makliker uitmekaar en heg dit aan puin, afvalprodukte en ongewenste materiaal wat in jou bloedstroom rondsweef.
Dit is ook een van die beste maniere wat daar is om bloeddruk te verlaag. Ek het jare gelede twee kaarte opgestel toe ek my studies oor liggaamsontgifting met gedistilleerde water gedoen het, van 1865 tot 1965. In 1865 het siektes wat in die hoë 30’s en lae 40’s gerangskik was die eerste vier moordenaars in 1965’ 8230en hulle was almal kardiovaskulêr. Ek het toe nog 'n grafiek van 1865 tot 1965 gemaak om die vermindering in die gebruik van drinkreënwater aan te toon. Die twee kaarte was feitlik biometries teenoorgesteld. Soos mense opgehou het om reënwater te drink, het kardiovaskulêre siektes toegeneem. Wanneer die bloedvatstelsel skoon is, het jy minder hoofpyne, jy het minder pyn, jy het meer suurstof en voedingstowwe beskikbaar vir die liggaam en meer genesende kapasiteit vir die liggaam.
Dit is nou amper twintig jaar gelede dat 'n man by my kantoor afgekom het wat so erg artritis gehad het dat hy skaars uit 'n reguit stoel kon kom. Sy pyn was verskriklik. We put him on the detoxification program, took him off of all grain in his diet, instructed him to eat only fruit, vegetables, protein and meat products, and put him on distilled water every half hour while he was awake. It is hard to believe a month later this same man was out working in his garden having the time of his life.
I cannot emphasize enough the importance of drinking distilled water for cleansing the blood stream, for reducing arthritic pain and lowering blood pressure. It has also been known to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides. In fact, the only effect on the body is health.
There are rules of thumb on how much water to drink. The rule of thumb on a normal day is one half your body weight in ounces per day. If you are sweating and exerting yourself you should drink more, not less. We have a tendency to grab pop, coffee, Kool-Aid and juices, but we need to get back to the habit of grabbing distilled water.


7 Ayurvedic Tips to Drink Water that You Didn't Know!

Volgens die boek, The Complete Book of Ayurvedic Home Remedies by Vasant Lad, water is the manifestation of consciousness. Water is fluid, heavy, soft, vicious, cold, dense and cohesive. It brings molecules together. Water is a chemical energy, which means it is a universal chemical solvent. Water exists in the body as plasma, cytoplasm, serum, saliva, nasal secretion, cerebrospinal fluid, urine and sweat. It is therefore necessary for absorption of nutrition and to maintain life without it, our cells cannot survive. Considering how essential water is to human life, here are some handy yet important Ayurvedic tips to drink water.

Ayurvedic Tips to Drink Water

1. Sit Down to Drink Water Rather than Standing

It is a good idea to always sit and drink water rather than standing. By standing and drinking, you disrupt the balance of fluids in the body and this may lead to a greater accumulation of fluids in the joints causing arthritis. By sitting and drinking, your muscles and nervous system is much more relaxed and helps the nerves to digest food and other fluids easily. Your kidneys also pace the filtration process while sitting.

By standing and drinking water, you disrupt the balance of fluids in the body

Avoid gulping down large volumes of water in a single breath, rather take smaller sip, swallow, breathe and repeat throughout the day. This holds true while having your meals too. According to Ayurvedic expert, Dr. Akhilesh Sharma, "there are three doshas in the body - vata, pitta en kapha, and how you consume water must be in accordance with these doshas. Mense met vata prakruti should drink water only one hour after eating a meal. This will help their food digest in a better way. Mense met pitta prakruti can have small sips during meals to start their digestion process early and people with kapha prakurti should have water before taking meals so that they feel full and not eat more. This will help them lose weight easily."

Avoid gulping large volumes of water during meals and otherwise3. Drink Room Temperature water, Warm is Even Better

Avoid ice chilled water that disturbs the ongoing process of digestion and puts off the fire. Cold water decreases the blood supply to various organs of the body further leading to constipation. Drinking tepid water can help in proper digestion and metabolism that promotes weight loss, relieves bloating and pain. According to Dr. Akhilesh, warm water helps in in controlling cholesterol levels and also keep the arteries clean.

Avoid drinking chilled water as it disrupts the process of digestion4. Drink Only When You are Thirsty

Your body sends signals to you when it is in dire need of water. Ayurveda emphasizes on drinking water only when you feel thirsty. Every person has a different body, hence, drinking the same amount of water cannot be recommended to everybody. The body cannot absorb too much water intake therefore it is imperative to know the thirst cues your body gives you. Measure your own drinking system without feeling too full.

Your body sends signals when it is in dire need of water5. Know the Indicators your Body Gives You When You are Thirsty

Your body gives you cues to let you know it needs water. One being, the color of urine, dark yellow color may indicate dehydration, while fairly clear and straw colored urine is a sign of a hydrated and satiated body. Dry chapped lips are one of the indicators of a dehydrated body. Notice these cues as these may turn into health problems.

Know the indicators that your body give you when it needs water6. Drink Water First Thing in the Morning

Ayurveda suggests that is a healthy habit to drink water first thing in the morning, which is known as Ushapan. It helps get rid of many diseases in the body. Drinking water in the morning helps in flushing all the toxins in the body and cleanses your intestines.

Start drinking water first thing in the morning7. Drink Water Stored in Silver and Copper Vessels

Ayurveda has always suggested drinking water stored in copper (tamba) and silver (chaandi) vessels. The water stored in these vessels has the ability to balance all three doshas in the body and it does by positively charging the water. Dr. Akhilesh agrees and points out that copper has numerous antioxidants and anti-bacterial properties that help boost the immunne system of the body. It also has anti-cancer properties. Water in the silver vessel has the power to remove free radicals from the body and gives a cooling effect in the intestines and smoothens the process of digestion.


The water stored in copper and silver vessels helps cure all doshas in your bodyImportant Tips for Drinking Water in Summer

According to Dr. Keerti Gupta from Kirti Ayurvedic Hospital & Research Center, "Summer is called as the "Pitta Season" and afternoon time is Pitta Kaal, which is hottest time of the day, therefore, Ayurveda suggests that you should drink maximum water during this period so as to maintain the body temperature. You could also incorporate some small changes including adding Pitta pacifying ingredients in water that help maintain body heat. Some of the ingredients include lemon, mint, kokum, and fennel seeds, khaskhas and rose petals.


Boosts Your Physical Performance

When you exercise, the rate of water loss through sweating can hit 1 liter to 2 liters per hour. If you are exercising in hot weather, you should drink water every 15 minutes to maintain muscle strength and a stable body temperature. Water plays an important role in transferring oxygen to your muscles and helps you perform physical activity efficiently. A water loss exceeding 2 percent of body weight can impair physical performance, according to a Gatorade Sports Science Institute review published in the “Journal of the American College of Nutrition" in October 2007 14. The article further reports that a lower-than-normal body water percentage stimulates changes in cardiovascular, metabolic, thermoregulatory and central nervous functions. Dehydration during physical activity in the heat produces a greater decrement in performance than similar activity in cold environments. This is partly because performing exercise in hot environments places a considerable burden on cardiovascular function and thermoregulatory mechanism.

  • When you exercise, the rate of water loss through sweating can hit 1 liter to 2 liters per hour.
  • This is partly because performing exercise in hot environments places a considerable burden on cardiovascular function and thermoregulatory mechanism.

Metaboliese tempo

Metabolic rate means the amount of chemical energy liberated in the body per unit time. Chemical energy is measured in calories (the amount of energy that will heat 1 gram [0.035 ounce] of water by 1 degree Celsius [1.8 degrees Fahrenheit]), although a calorie is such a small unit that it is more practical to think in terms of kilocalories (kcal). One kilocalorie is 1,000 calories, or what dietitians (and food labels) call a Calorie with a capital C. Metabolic rate is generally expressed in kcal/hour or kcal/day. A person's metabolic rate can be estimated by having him or her breathe from a spirometer, a device that measures the person's rate of oxygen consumption. Every liter of oxygen consumed represents the release of approximately 4.82 kcal of energy from organies compounds such as fat and glycogen. This ratio varies, however, depending on what type of energy-storage molecules the person is oxidizing at the time of measurement.

Metabolic rate depends on such variables as physical activity, mental state, fed or fasting status, and hormoon levels, especially thyroid hormone. Die basaal metabolic rate (BMR) is a standard of comparison that minimizes such variables. It is measured when a person has not eaten for twelve to fourteen hours and is awake, relaxed, and at a comfortable temperature. It is not the minimum rate needed to keep a person alive the metabolic rate is lower than the BMR when one is asleep. Total metabolic rate (TMR) is the BMR plus the added energy expenditure for movement and other activities. Metabolic rate is elevated not only by physical activity but also by eating, anxiety, fever, pregnancy, and other factors. Factors that reduce the TMR below normal include depression, apathy, and prolonged starvation.

The TMR is higher in children than in adults. Consequently, as people approach middle age, they often gain weight even with no change in food intake. Weight-loss diets tend to be frustrating not only because most of the initial weight loss is water, which is quickly regained, but also because the TMR declines with time as the diet progresses, fewer calories are burned and one begins to synthesize more fat even with a stable caloric intake.

The average young adult male has a BMR of 2,000 to 2,500 kcal/day, and the average female slightly lower. Thus, one must consume this many calories per day just to sustain such essential processes as the heartbeat, respiration, brain activity, muscle tone , renal function, and active transport through cell membranes. Die sentrale senuweestelsel accounts for about 40 percent of the BMR and the muscular system for 20 to 30 percent. Even a relatively sedentary lifestyle requires another 500 kcal/day, and hard physical labor, as in farming or manufacturing, may require up to 5,000 kcal/day.


Does human organism consume water or is it only used as solvent? - Biologie

Water: Hydrogen oxide. H 2 0 mol. wt. 18.016 Liquid. (Ref.) d 4.08 4.08 1.000000 (ice 0.915) d 0 4 O.997071 d 20 20 0.99998. Temp. of max. density 4.08° C.

Mol. vol. at 2O° = l8.016. n 20 D l.33300. m. 0°.

b 760 100°. One liter of satd. vapor weighs 0.5974 g. at 0° and 760 mm. indicating a mol. wt. of 18.31. Critical temp. 374.2°. Krit. druk. 218 atm. Specific heat of the liquid at 4 to 25° = 1.018 cal. / gram / degree C. Heat of fusion in kcal. / mol. 1.435. Heat of evapn. in kcal. / mol. 9.719. Dielectric constant at 0° = 81.5°. Dipole moment in benzene at 25° = 1.76, in dioxane 1.86.

Pyrogen-free water (water for injection) is distilled water rendered free of fever-producing proteins (bacteria and their metabolic products). See also Pyrogens.

Water is diamagnetic. (Repelled from a magnetic field but not magnetized.)

Thirsty ?

You are 2 Quarts Down .

Research has shown that our sense of thirst is an "After the Fact" response. Our thirst craving isn't activated until we have lost about 28% of our blood plasma. This means we have lost about two quarts of our normal seven quarts of blood liquid. Time to stop and rehydrate yourself or risk having the "solids in your blood" come out of solution and plug up your circulatory system.

The reason atoms and molecules come out of solution when the concentration of the system increases has to do with electricity. The electric force is what keeps "atomic systems" from bumping into each other. When the electric force is properly balanced, all the different atoms and molecules keep a safe distance apart and are able to go about their individual work. ( Visualize "Atomic Personal Space". )

"A Bag of Mostly Water"
(— Star Trek —)

75 – 85 percent of our body is comprised of water, with a large handful of soil and about 25 pounds carbon dioxide thrown in for a good blend. This doesn't sound like much, but   Oh! Just look at the final product !     What makes it all "tic" ?

Electricity .   —   The Electric Force is involved in all atomic bondings.
(The molecular world is ruled by three primary forces: Electric, Magnetic and Mechanical.)

This seems a little strange when one first learns that very pure water doesn't conduct electricity . And yet, all the chemical reactions that occur in solution involve and require electricity. Control the electric force, and you can control the chemical reactions.

Water's unique geometry does give it some very interesting properties. Water's two hydrogen atoms are not across from each other as one might expect from the "Ideal of Symmetry" or charge distribution.   Some atoms have electrons in orbits that very closely resemble those of comets, as well as Earth type orbits. Atoms also have a strong preference as to the sequence in which the different possible orbital regions are populated with electrons.

Oxygen was the lucky atom that got to fill its electron orbitals in a manner that produced this interesting geometry.

Water's Hydrogen atoms are grouped to one side. This allows a small electric charge differential to manifest across the "two ends" of the water molecule.

This charge causes the water molecules to line up and loosely connect producing the effect we call "Surface Tension". This mechanism allows a needle to float on top or an insect to walk across it.

This electric charge also allows the water molecule to "wiggle" its way between certain atoms in salts. This allows the atoms of the salt to manifest their "Ionic Potential" and it's the atomic ionic potential in solutions that creates the possibility for biological life on Earth.
wiggle

To understand the chemistry of water we need to know about pH.

pH is the Log Scale Unit of Measure used to express the degree of acidity of a substance.

A Water Molecule has one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms.

In pure water, most of the water molecules remain intact. However, a very small amount of them react with each other in the following manner.

Water + Water ===> Hydronium Ion + ( an Acid ) + Hydroxyl Ion – ( a Base )

The hydronium ion ( H 3 O + ) is the chemical unit which accounts for the acidic properties of a solution. The hydroxyl ion ( OH – ) is the chemical which accounts for the basic or alkaline properties of a solution.

When pure water reacts, it produces an equal amount of H 3 O + and OH – . Thus, it does not have an excess of either ion. It is therefore called a neutral solution.

If a strong acid, such as hydrochloric acid ( HCl ) is added to water, it reacts with some of the water molecules as follows:

Thus, the addition of HCl to water increases the H 3 O + or acid concentration of the resulting solution.

If a strong base, such as sodium hydroxide, is added to water, it ionizes as follows:

Thus, the addition of NaOH to water increases the OH – or alkali concentration of the resulting solutions.

Another interesting aspect of water is that the concentration of H 3 O + and OH – remain in balance with each other. An increase in the concentration of H 3 O + causes a proportional decrease in the concentration of OH – .   More about pH

Specific Conductance

Specific conductance is a measure of the ability of a water solution to conduct an electrical current. Specific conductance is the reciprocal of specific resistance in ohms and is reported in microsiemens per centimeter (us/cm) at 25 degrees Celsius (C). Specific conductance is related to the type and concentration of ions in solution and can be used for approximating the dissolved-solids content of the water. Commonly, the concentration of dissolved solids (in "milligrams per liter" mg/l, more commonly expressed as "parts per million" ppm) is about 65 percent of the specific conductance (in microsiemens). This relation is not constant from stream to stream, and it may vary in the same stream with changes in the composition of the water.   —USGS—

Very pure water doesn't conduct electricity, but as soon as any substance that ionizes in water is added, you have a conductor owing to the fact that the ionized atoms in the water solution carry the current.

Knowledge of this property gives one a valuable tool for controlling chemical reactions. For one thing, ionized atoms experience acceleration when an electric field is set up within the solution. Ionized Atoms move toward the charge of opposite sign. This effect is used in electroplating to provide a smooth even coating of atoms on your target material. The electric force causes the atoms to move out of the solution at concentration levels far below those of a saturated solution.

Reversing the charge/current will cause the atoms to go back into solution from your material. Electricity can be used to bring materials into solution or to take them out again.

Electroplating can be done without the use of an external power source and wires. "Electro-less Solutions" are available that have their internal electrical forces balanced in such a manner, that when a suitable object is placed in the solution, the metal ions will come out of solution and coat the object.

Again, if the object were to be connected to a proper external power source, the "plated atoms" will come off the object again. And again, if the object were to be placed in an ionic solution with the right properties, the "plated atoms" would also come off again.

This is an important lesson, because all the laws of physics that rule the mineral kingdom are also at work in some way in our bodies. The inside of our body's "pipes" can become coated, even totally plugged, when materials come out of solution. This Process is REVERSABLE !

Dr. T. C. McDaniel has reported success with about 39 diseases working with over 10,000 patients. His method is to administer an I.V. solution with the correct electrical properties to bring into solution the problem material. This method is based on the applied craft of Colloidal Science, known and widely used in many branches of chemistry. Dr. McDaniel's method involves mixing salts that are normally found in human blood, (indeed required by the human body) in a crafted manner, so as to achieve the correct electrical potential.

So, water is the most universal solvent we know about, and we have a flower vase to clean up. Lots of hard mineral stuff on its sides. So we get some "pure water" and scrub and scrub. We can see that it is working, but it is taking too long and using too much "pure water". So, what is the first thing we think of doing ? .

What does the soap do? – It makes the water wetter. – How can wet water get wetter?

We add something to the water that changes the electrical properties of the solution, which then makes it easier for the water molecules to wiggle their way between the unwanted "dirt particles".   Adding a surfactant (a surface-active agent) such as detergent can decrease surface tension, but this will not increase water's carrying capacity unless it changes the basic colloidal chemistry of the liquid by adding a material with negative ions.

Soap works by breaking up the electric field which creates surface tension. This allows water to "surround its victim and carry it away".

This works fine if your dirt isn't stuck to securely to your surface.
But what if it is "well bonded" and sticks to itself really well, like the minerals on the sides of your vase?

Water's weak electric charge will get the job done if you have enough "pure water" and enough time. But what if you can't use soap, or you want to use less water and less time?     You then bring in the .

Anions ( – )   and   Cations ( + )

Here is a case where the classic notation inhibits the understanding of the subject.

The reason atoms form chemical bonds has more to do with mechanics than it does with electricity. Hydrogen's positive notation when classed as a Cation, is not because it has two positrons and only one electron — hydrogen has only one positron in its nucleus — it is because with only one electron in orbit, it wobbles all over the place and atoms have a strong desire not to — Inertia you know.

The nature of hydrogen's electron orbit makes it a perfect candidate to receive an additional electron (if the spin is right) to achieve dynamic balance for the hydrogen's atomic system. Because it can receive an electron it is considered to be a positive entity and is called a Cation. (Electropositive)

On the other side of the binary is the Anion. Chlorine is classed as an Anion. Chlorine has an electron in a somewhat unstable orbit that it would love to share. Since it is providing the electron, it is classed as an Anion. (Electronegitive)

When Hydrogen and Chlorine get together, they share the electron in a figure 8 orbital that allows them to achieve a symbiotic dynamic stability.

Hydrochloric acid ( H + Cl – ), is what our bodies produce to electrify our stomach fluids. But pure HCl can't do the job by itself.

In order to achieve good dynamic stability, the hydrogen atom and chlorine atom cuddle up real close. It takes water to intervene in this relationship, to allow the electric force to manifest and do its work. The water molecules cuddle up to the hydrogen and chlorine atoms, like so many children wanting to get in on their parent's hugs.

So, what about the Flower Vase !

Adding a little HCl (or vinegar) to the pure water in your vase will activate the water's electrical potential giving the solution the power to unlock the atomic bonds that are holding the minerals to the side of your vase.

Result   ——   A Clean Flower Vase .

"Rubber Eggs" and "Rubbery-Soft" Chicken Bones
Here is a little experiment you can do at home to remove calcium safely.

Water is diamagnetic (Repelled from a magnetic field, but not magnetized, more so when cold around 39° F.). This results from the fact that there are two diamagnetic hydrogen atoms and one paramagnetic oxygen atom comprising the water molecule. .

Remember,   All this is to convince you to DRINK more Water.

.   How Much Water Should One Drink   .

Dr. Judith Reichman, during a network morning show, perhaps said it best.
We are all individuals, and so are our needs. At times our bodies use large amounts of water to keep us cool. So, the issue resides in not how much water you drink, but in drinking enough water for your body to wash out all the toxins that have acuminated in our blood.

So the bottom line, she says, "is that you drink enough water so that you can Urinate Two Quarts a Day".

Drink Enough Water for your body to keep cool and still have enough to wash out your system.

Can You Drink Too Much Water?

You can eat or drink too much of anything, including water. Healthy kidneys can filter 12 quarts of water a day, an amount about six times the body's water quota.

Drink much more than 12 quarts and you can dilute body fluids to such an extent that headaches occur, confusion sets in and coma might develop.

You really would have to work at it to drink that much water in one day, however. People who drink that much water often suffer from mental illness.

Clear urine is not an indication of too much water. More often than not, it indicates that the proper amounts of water have been drunk.

If, however, running to the bathroom every 15 minutes goes along with clear urine, then something is amiss. Excess water can be one of the reasons why the two - frequent urination and colorless urine - are coupled.

Electric Charge Differential

Bizarre chemical discovery gives homeopathic hint
19:00 07 November 01 Andy Coghlan

It is a chance discovery so unexpected it defies belief and threatens to reignite debate about whether there is a scientific basis for thinking homeopathic medicines really work.

A team in South Korea has discovered a whole new dimension to just about the simplest chemical reaction in the book - what happens when you dissolve a substance in water and then add more water. Conventional wisdom says that the dissolved molecules simply spread further and further apart as a solution is diluted. But two chemists have found that some do the opposite: they clump together, first as clusters of molecules, then as bigger aggregates of those clusters. Far from drifting apart from their neighbours, they got closer together.

The discovery has stunned chemists, and could provide the first scientific insight into how some homeopathic remedies work. Homeopaths repeatedly dilute medications, believing that the higher the dilution, the more potent the remedy becomes.

Some dilute to "infinity" until no molecules of the remedy remain. They believe that water holds a memory, or "imprint" of the active ingredient which is more potent than the ingredient itself. But others use less dilute solutions - often diluting a remedy six-fold. The Korean findings might at last go some way to reconciling the potency of these less dilute solutions with orthodox science.

Completely counterintuitive

German chemist Kurt Geckeler and his colleague Shashadhar Samal stumbled on the effect while investigating fullerenes at their lab in the Kwangju Institute of Science and Technology in South Korea. They found that the football-shaped buckyball molecules kept forming untidy aggregates in solution, and Geckler asked Samal to look for ways to control how these clumps formed.

What he discovered was a phenomenon new to chemistry. "When he diluted the solution, the size of the fullerene particles increased," says Geckeler. "It was completely counterintuitive," he says.

Further work showed it was no fluke. To make the otherwise insoluble buckyball dissolve in water, the chemists had mixed it with a circular sugar-like molecule called a cyclodextrin. When they did the same experiments with just cyclodextrin molecules, they found they behaved the same way. So did the organic molecule sodium guanosine monophosphate, DNA and plain old sodium chloride.

Dilution typically made the molecules cluster into aggregates five to 10 times as big as those in the original solutions. The growth was not linear, and it depended on the concentration of the original.

"The history of the solution is important. The more dilute it starts, the larger the aggregates," says Geckeler. Also, it only worked in polar solvents like water, in which one end of the molecule has a pronounced positive charge while the other end is negative.

Biologically active

But the finding may provide a mechanism for how some homeopathic medicines work - something that has defied scientific explanation till now. Diluting a remedy may increase the size of the particles to the point when they become biologically active.

It also echoes the controversial claims of French immunologist Jacques Benveniste. In 1988, Benveniste claimed in a Nature paper that a solution that had once contained antibodies still activated human white blood cells. Benveniste claimed the solution still worked because it contained ghostly "imprints" in the water structure where the antibodies had been. Other researchers failed to reproduce Benveniste's experiments, but homeopaths still believe he may have been onto something. Benveniste himself does not think the new findings explain his results because the solutions were not dilute enough. "This [phenomenon] cannot apply to high dilution," he says.

Fred Pearce of University College London, who tried to repeat Benveniste's experiments, agrees. But it could offer some clues as to why other less dilute homeopathic remedies work, he says. Large clusters and aggregates might interact more easily with biological tissue.

Double-check

Chemist Jan Enberts of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands is more cautious. "It's still a totally open question," he says. "To say the phenomenon has biological significance is pure speculation." But he has no doubt Samal and Geckeler have discovered something new. "It's surprising and worrying," he says.

The two chemists were at pains to double-check their astonishing results. Initially they had used the scattering of a laser to reveal the size and distribution of the dissolved particles. To check, they used a scanning electron microscope to photograph films of the solutions spread over slides. This, too, showed that dissolved substances cluster together as dilution increased.

"It doesn't prove homeopathy, but it's congruent with what we think and is very encouraging," says Peter Fisher, director of medical research at the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital.

"The whole idea of high-dilution homeopathy hangs on the idea that water has properties which are not understood," he says. "The fact that the new effect happens with a variety of substances suggests it's the solvent that's responsible. It's in line with what many homeopaths say, that you can only make homeopathic medicines in polar solvents."

Geckeler and Samal are now anxious that other researchers follow up their work. "We want people to repeat it," says Geckeler. "If it's confirmed it will be groundbreaking".

Journal reference: Chemical Communications (2001, p 2224)
19:00 07 November 01

NEW HEAVY WATER KILLS TADPOLES AND GUPPY FISH

Heavy water, containing the recently discovered double-weight hydrogen, kills tadpoles, guppy fish, and worms.

Prof. W.W. Swingle of Princeton, using some of the rare heavy water manufactured by Princeton chemists, found that the extraordinary H 2 O, with 92 percent of its hydrogen atoms consisting of the isotope mass two (deuterium), is lethal to certain fresh water animals.

Green frog tadpoles survived only an hour when placed in the heavy water. Tadpoles of the same sort immersed in distilled water that contained only 30 percent heavy water, lived happily and unaffected for 24 hours. Paramecia, one-celled organisms that are favorite biology experimental material, resisted the heavy water successfully for 24 hours.

Magnetism, Poles and Water

From: Frank Hartman [email protected]
Sent: Mon 12/29/2003
To: O'Clock, George [email protected]
Subject: magnetism, poles and water

I noted with interest your post to Carl on magnetism and blood pressure. It was interesting that you picked the South Pole for placement of the glass of water. Given that the general assumption in science is that both poles are equal, I presume you have also determined a difference.

I would be very interested in your determination of the differences and what you think is happening with the South Pole to water.

From: O'Clock, George [email protected]
Sent: Jan 7, 2004 7:03 PM
To: Frank Hartman [email protected]
Subject: RE: magnetism, poles and water

In response to your e-mail, a number of people have done studies on the differences between water that is under the influence of a South magnetic pole vs. a North magnetic pole. They claim that the South pole treated water is alkalizing (healthy) while the North pole treated water is acidifying (not healthy, promoting various diseases including cancer, hypertension, general immune system breakdown. An interesting paper appeared in Bioelectromagnetics in 1994 titled "Magnetic Fields Alter Electrical Properties of Solutions and Their Biological Effects." The theory behind that paper involved magnetically induced changes in hydration of Calcium ions. Many physicists and engineers call this a lot of hogwash. Well, I wanted to see if there was any substance to these claims.

So, having a hypertension problem, I thought I would do a little experimentation over a two-week period with water under the influence of a North magnetic pole and a South magnetic pole. Initially, I was a bit skeptical because drinking water (filtered but not distilled), South Pole water and North pole water all exhibit similar pH readings (6.4ע.7, using nitrazene paper).

But when I drank the water, there was a significant difference in a lot of areas. First of all, the South Pole water tastes better, and I get the urge to drink more as I gulp it down. North pole water tastes quite bitter, and I am not able to drink as much North Pole water as well as ordinary water — if I try to drink a lot of that kind of water, I feel like I have to gag. But South Pole water feels smooth, it goes down easy and I never get that gag reflex. I took pH readings three times a day, using nitrazene paper and it does appear that I am becoming more alkaline. In fact, at night, my urine and saliva pH are higher now, than they were before I started all of this. Also, after exercising, the pH of my perspiration is tending to become more alkaline.

Also, it appears that the South Pole water is detoxing me, because for a number of days, I had an odor that was very offensive (if I notice it, it has to be very offensive). I still notice traces of the odor at night and in the morning. In addition, my nighttime blood pressure seems to be coming down as a result of this, but I am holding off making any conclusions on this for a while. Blood pressure is very sensitive to a variety of parameters along with being very cyclical, and I want to make sure I am not just observing a cyclical phenomenon.

However, there is one conclusion I have reached even though the pH of South Pole exposed water is acidic, it does promote alkalinity once it interacts with the body. North pole exposed water appears to do just the opposite. So, I will continue to drink water that has been sitting on the South pole of a 3920 G magnet and test to see how much more consistently alkaline I can get (7.1ף.4 appears to be the ideal).

From: Frank Hartman [email protected]
To: O'Clock, George [email protected]
Date: Wed, 7 Jan 2004
Subject: RE: magnetism, poles and water

Faraday was the archetype of a good scientist but he blew magnetic lines of force. At some level he knew this, and his conversations with john Tyndall showed that he was troubled through his life over the validity of his magnetic lines of force.

He stated that it was his fondest hope that everything he had done would be disproved in 50 years. However, no one ever went back and looked carefully at his work.

What happens when you put iron filings in a magnetic field? They become micro-magnets.

His lines of force are for magnets in a magnetic field. South pole magnetism reduces surface tension, and I believe, increases zeta potential. This is an experiment I want to run when I get a zeta meter.

A Wonderful Explanation of Osmosis, Diffusion and the Nerst Equation
Interactive Computer Animations Explain This Very Complex Subject .